Breastfeeding and maternal health outcomes

Breastfeeding and maternal health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis [internet]. 2015 [cited May 2021]; John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Chowdhury R et al.

The effect of breastfeeding on long-term (breast carcinoma, ovarian carcinoma, osteoporosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus) and short-term (lactational amenorrhoea, postpartum depression, postpartum weight change) maternal health outcomes. Breastfeeding is protective against breast and ovarian carcinoma, and exclusive breastfeeding and predominant breastfeeding increase the duration of lactational amenorrhoea.

Breastfeeding and cardiovascular disease hospitalisation and mortality in parous Women

Breastfeeding and Cardiovascular Disease Hospitalization and Mortality in Parous Women: Evidence From a Large Australian Cohort Study [internet]. 2021 [cited May 2021]; AHA.

Nguyen B et al.

This study provides evidence that breastfeeding is associated with long-term benefits for maternal cardiovascular health, in addition to its known benefits for infants and mothers. Breastfeeding may be promoted as an additional strategy by which parous women can reduce their risk of developing and dying from cardiovascular disease.

Breast-feeding and infant hospitalisation for infections

Breast-feeding and Infant Hospitalization for Infections: Large Cohort and Sibling Analysis [internet]. 2017 [cited May 2021]; JPGN.

Stordal K et al.

Breastfeeding from birth may protect against infections, but optimal duration of breastfeeding is unclear. This study provides evidence to show that it is recommended to fully breastfeed for 4 months and to continue breastfeeding beyond 6 months.

Breastfeeding and infections in early childhood

Breastfeeding and Infections in Early Childhood: A Cohort Study [internet]. 2020 [cited May 2021]; AAP.

Christensen N et al.

In a population-based birth cohort, it was investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding was associated with the number of hospitalizations due to infection and symptoms of infection at home. The study provides evidence that increased breastfeeding protects against infections requiring hospitalisation in the first year of life.

Apetite-Regulating Hormones in Human Milk: A Plausible Biological Factor for Obesity Risk Reduction

Appetite-Regulating Hormones in Human Milk: A Plausible Biological Factor for Obesity Risk Reduction? [internet]. 2020 [cited May 2021]; JHL.

Larson-Meyer DE et al.

Human milk contains appetite-regulating hormones that may influence infant growth and obesity risk. This study provides evidence on how the content of certain appetite-regulating hormones in human milk may be influenced by maternal factors and play a role in infant growth; much needs to be learn about their role in the obesity protection of breastfed infants.

Breastfeeding and Obesity

Association between Characteristics at Birth, Breastfeeding and Obesity in 22 Countries: The WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative – COSI 2015/2017 [internet]. 2019 [cited May 2021]; J. Obes.

Rito AI et al.

This paper works to investigate the association of early-life factors, namely breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding and birth weight, with obesity among children. Breastfeeding has been described as a protective factor, and the more exclusively and the longer children are breastfed, the greater their protection from obesity.

Breastfeeding and childhood obesity

Breastfeeding and childhood obesity: A 12-country study [internet]. 2019 [cited May 2021]; Matern Child Nutr.

Ma J et al.

This study examines the association between breastfeeding and the odds of childhood obesity in 9- to 11-year-old children from 12 countries. Childhood obesity is potentially affected by many factors. Several studies have shown that breastfeeding has a significant protective effect on childhood obesity, whereas others have shown a weak effect or no effect.